To encourage meritorious research in the field of Science & Technology, the State Government instituted three National and three State Level Awards for outstanding contributions in Science, Engineering & Technological Sciences and Social sciences. The National Level Awards of rupees One Lakh and a citation each have been named after Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru and the State Level Awards of Rs. 50,000/- and a citation each have been named after Dr. K.N.Katju award for Science, Pandit Lajja Shankar Jha award for Engineering & Technological sciences and Dr. Hari Singh Gour award for Social Sciences.

India's top scientists have been the recipient of these prestigious awards, including Dr. A.P.J.Abdul Kalam, Prof. Raja Ramana, Prof. Satish Dhawan, Prof. M.G.K. Menon, Prof. C.N.R.Rao, Dr. Mashelkar etc.